History: 3 year old male with palpable left sided abdominal mass Wilms’ tumor is the most common renal malignancy and solid abdominal malignancy of childhood. The median age of patients affected by Wilms’ tumor is 3 years old. Usually Wilms’ tumor presents as a large abdominal mass, and 10% of cases are bilateral. Wilms’ tumor … Continue reading
History: 20 year old female with headache and blurry vision This is a case of a Rathke cleft cyst, which is a benign suprasellar mass. Rathke’s pouch is a depression in the roof of the developing mouth in front of the buccopharyngeal membrane. It gives rise to the anterior pituitary (adenohypophysis), a part of the endocrine system. Rathke’s pouch normally closes early … Continue reading
History: adolescent with leg pain at night. This is a classic case of an osteoid osteoma. An osteoid osteoma is a benign osteoid producing bone tumor. They are radiolucent on radiographs and classically have tumor nidus surrounded by reactive sclerosis on radiographs and edema on MRI. Osteoid osteomas represent approximately 10-15% of benign bone tumors … Continue reading
History: 40 year old male with incidental finding on head CT done for minor head trauma. This is the typical appearance for a Sinonasal Osteoma. Classically they are asymptomatic, and thus are incidental findings on imaging studies done for other reasons. Sinonasal osteomas are the most common benign tumor of the sinuses. They can be … Continue reading
History: 60 year old female presents with headache. The diagnosis in this case was meningioma, which is the most common extra-axial mass in the adult. Classically they are seen in elderly females, as in this case.