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lung abnormality

This tag is associated with 3 posts

Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformation

History: 50 year old man with cyanosis and chest pain.  This is a case of pulmonary arteriovenous malformation, which is an abnormal communication between a pulmonary artery and pulmonary vein. Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations are typically round or oval shaped, and often a feeding artery and draining vein can be visualized. The differential diagnosis for this … Continue reading

Congenital Bronchial Atresia

History: 35 year old male with abnormal chest radiograph. The classic triad of bronchial atresia is a bronchocele, hyperlucent distal lung, and hypoperfusion of the distal lung segment. Bronchial atresia is on the diffential diagnosis for unilateral hyperlucent lung.  

Rheumatic Lung Disease

History: 50 year old male with a history of rheumatoid arthritis presents with sudden onset right sided chest pain, shortness of breath, and hypoxia.  Given the history of rheumatoid arthritis and nodularity of the visceral pleura, this is likely a case of spontaneous pneumothorax secondary to a cavitating rheumatoid nodule. The most common lung abnormality … Continue reading