//
here you go

Search Results

You searched for "trauma". Your search returned 35 results.

The ABCs of Trauma Mnemonic – ABCDEFGHI

This mnemonic has frequently been used for recalling important findings to recognize with trauma cases: ABCDEFGHI A – Aortic transection/dissection B – Bronchial fracture C – Cord injury D – Diaphragmatic rupture E – Esophageal tear F – Flail chest, Foreign bodies G – Gas (pneumothorax and pneumoperitoneum) H – Heart (such as pericardial effusion) … Continue reading

Depressed Skull Fracture in an Infant – Non-accidental Trauma versus Accidental Trauma

History: Infant status post fall from 4 feet. This is the appearance of a depressed skull fracture in an infant. In the setting of skull fractures in an infant, one always has to rule out the presence of non-accidental trauma (NAT), which is medical-speak for child abuse. There are multiple characteristics of skull fractures which … Continue reading

Penetrating Chest Trauma – Knife in Chest

History: 50 year old male with self inflicted chest stab wound. Important findings to look for in the case of penetrating trauma to the chest include pneumothorax, pleural effusion (which indicates hemothorax), widened mediastinum indicating injury to the vascular pedicle, enlarged cardiac silhouette indicating hemopericardium, diaphragmatic injury, and pneumoperitoneum. Surprisingly, this patient did not have … Continue reading

Non-Traumatic Intracranial (Intracerebral) Hemorrhage – Differential Diagnosis

History: 28 year old patient with end stage renal disease and hypertension presents with a seizure.  This young patient had multiple areas of spontaneous, or primary intracranial hemorrhage with an absence of trauma. As indicated in the figure, intracranial (or intracerebral) hemorrhage can occur in different spaces in the head itself, including the subarachnoid space (green … Continue reading

Causes of Avascular Necrosis (AVN) Mnemonic

There are numerous causes of avascular necrosis (AVN), which is at its most basic definition when blood flow to a bone is interrupted or reduced. Numerous mnemonics have been proposed to remember the many causes of AVN. My favorite is probably GIVE INFARCTS:     GIVE INFARCTS ·       G- Gaucher disease ·       I- Idiopathic- Legg-Calve Perthes ·       … Continue reading

Thoracic Spine Burst Fracture

History: hit by car while riding bike A burst fracture is a type of traumatic spinal injury in which a vertebra breaks from a high-energy axial load (e.g., car accidents or falls from a great height or high speed, and some kinds of seizures), with shards of vertebra penetrating surrounding tissues and sometimes the spinal … Continue reading

Extraperitoneal Bladder Rupture

History: 25 year old male presents to the emergency room after a fight at a local bar This is a case example of extraperitoneal bladder rupture. In the setting of trauma to the bladder it is important to differentiate extraperitoneal from intraperitoneal rupture. Intraperitoneal bladder rupture has to be repaired surgically, whereas extraperitoneal rupture can … Continue reading

Top 10 Cases from 2013

Hey all! Check it out. Below is a list of the top 10 posts from 2013, based on total annual hits. Enjoy! 1. The Differences Between the Male and Female Pelvis 2. The About page 🙂 3. Lung Mass – Differential Diagnosis 4. The Golden S Sign – Right Upper Lobe Collapse.  5. CT Neck … Continue reading

Ulnar Dislocation of the Third Proximal Interphalangeal Joint

History: 40 year old male with finger pain.    This is a case of a dislocated third proximal interphalangeal joint. See another case of a dislocated interphalangeal joint here.

Non-Cardiogenic Pulmonary Edema Mnemonic – NOT CARDIAC

This mnemonic has been commonly used to recall the non-cardiogenic causes of pulmonary edema: N – Near drowning O – oxygen therapy T – Transfusion related acute lung injury or Trauma C – CNS (neurogenic pulmonary edema) A – Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome, aspiration, altitude (high altitude pulmonary edema or HAPE) R – renal disorder or … Continue reading