Advertisements
//
you're reading...
MRI, MSK, Pediatrics, Unknown Cases

Solution to Unknown Case #16 – Solitary (Unicameral) Bone Cyst

History: Adolescent Male with knee pain. 

Solitary or Unicameral Bone Cyst: Coronal CT of the left knee without contrast reveals a lytic lesion in the medial left tibial metaphysis

Solitary or Unicameral Bone Cyst: Coronal CT of the left knee without contrast reveals a lytic lesion in the medial left tibial metaphysis with a narrow zone of transition. The adjacent cortex of the tibia is thinned, but intact. This is characteristic of a solitary bone cyst.

Solitary (Unicameral) Bone Cyst: Coronal T1 weighted MRI reveals the lesion to be hypointense with surrounding hypointesne signal in the adjacent marrow, indicative of marrow edema which is frequently seen with solitary bone cysts.

Solitary (Unicameral) Bone Cyst: Coronal T1 weighted MRI reveals the lesion to be hypointense with surrounding hypointesne signal in the adjacent marrow, indicative of marrow edema which is frequently seen with solitary bone cysts.

Solitary (Unicameral) Bone Cyst: Coronal STIR MR of the left knee reveals the lesion to be markedly hyperintense with internal septations. There is increased signal in the adjacent marrow, indicating marrow edema, possibly from pathologic fracture which may be seen with solitary bone cysts.

Solitary (Unicameral) Bone Cyst: Coronal STIR MR of the left knee reveals the lesion to be markedly hyperintense with internal septations. There is increased signal in the adjacent marrow, indicating marrow edema, possibly from pathologic fracture which may be seen with solitary bone cysts.

This is a case of a solitary or unicameral bone cyst. A solitary bone cyst (also called a juvenile bone cyst, unicameral bone cyst, essential bone cyst, or simple bone cyst) is a benign lytic bone lesion that is fluid filled. The most common location that solitary bone cysts occur in is the calcaneus in adults and the proximal humerus in children. They arise in the metaphysis close to the physis, as seen in the images above. On MRI T1 weighted imaging, unicameral bone cysts are homogeneous low to intermediate signal, and on fluid-sensitive sequences they show high signal (image 2 above). High signal in the marrow indicates marrow edema.

The differential diagnosis for this appearance is as follows:

1. Solitary or Unicameral Bone Cyst

2. Fibrous Dysplasia

3. Aneurysmal bone cyst

4. Enchondroma

5. Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis

6. Non-Ossifying Fibroma

Some have used the mnemonic FOG MACHINES or FEGNOMASHIC for lytic bone lesions, which can be further broken down by age group and other various features such as absence of pain. You can read about it here.

Advertisements

About radiologypics

I am a radiology physician from California, USA.

Discussion

Trackbacks/Pingbacks

  1. Pingback: Lytic Bone Lesion Mnemonic – FEGNOMASHIC | RADIOLOGYPICS.COM - March 10, 2013

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Advertisements
%d bloggers like this: