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Synovial Osteochondromatosis – Differential Diagnosis

History: 50 year old male with knee pain.

Lateral radiograph of the knee reveals multiple intra-articular bodies and marked degenerative changes of the femorotibial and patellofemoral compartments.

Lateral radiograph of the left knee reveals multiple calcified intra-articular bodies and marked degenerative changes of the femorotibial and patellofemoral compartments.

This is a case of synovial osteochondromatosis, which can be either primary or secondary. Primary synovial osteochondromatosis (or chondromatosis alone, if the bodies are not all ossified) is a benign idiopathic neoplasm of the synovium characterized by multiple loose intra-articular cartilaginous bodies, some of which may be ossified. Secondary synovial osteochondromatosis is seen with coexistent osteoarthosis, as seen in the image above. A general distinction in the secondary form is multiple bodies of differing sizes with concentric rings of growth.

The differential diagnosis includes primary versus secondary osteochondromatosis, pigmented villonodular synovitis, intra-articular chondroma, synovial chondrosarcoma, and periosteal chondroma.

Credit to Quinn Meisinger, M.D. for this classic example of secondary synovial osteochondromatosis.

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About radiologypics

I am a radiology physician from California, USA.

Discussion

2 thoughts on “Synovial Osteochondromatosis – Differential Diagnosis

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