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MRI, Neuro

Meningioma – On MRI

History: 60 year old female with headaches and dizziness. 

Sagittal T1W MR image of the cervical spine reveals a large T1 isointense mass at the level of the foramen magnum. It is difficult to assess whether the mass is extradural or intradural, but it does appear to be extramedullary.

Sagittal T1W MR image of the cervical spine reveals a large T1 isointense mass at the level of the foramen magnum (arrow). Even on this T1W image, at the superior portion of the mass there is a dural “tail.”

Sagittal T2W MR image shows the mass is markedly T2 hypointense.

Sagittal T2W MR image in the same patient shows the mass is markedly T2 hypointense.

Axial T2W MR image shows the mass is encasing the right vertebral artery (red arrow) and there is a high signal CSF "cleft" (white arrow) between the mass and the cord, indicating the mass is definitively extramedullary.

Axial T2W MR image shows the mass is encasing the right vertebral artery (red arrow) and there is a high signal CSF “cleft” (white arrow) between the mass and the cord, indicating the mass is definitively extramedullary.

Axial T1W postcontrast image with fat saturation reveals the mass enhances avidly.

Axial T1W postcontrast image with fat saturation reveals the mass enhances avidly (arrow), and a portion of the enhancement has a broad based dural attachment.

This is a case of a meningioma with all of the classic MRI findings, except for location. Meningiomas arise from the arachnoid cap cells of the meninges. They are supratentorial in 90% of the time, which is why this case isn’t entirely a classical. Meningiomas are benign neoplasms, however, they can cause real symptoms and be very dangerous, as in this case. They are typically T1 hypo to isointense (first image above), T2 hypointense (second image above), and enhance homogenously (last image above). They typically have a broad based dural attachment and extension which has been described as a “dural tail,” and they also have a CSF cleft as seen in the third image above.

 

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About radiologypics

I am a radiology physician from California, USA.

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