History: 50 year old male with productive cough.
This is a case of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA). ABPA is a hypersensitivity reaction (Type 1, mediated by IgE and IgG) most commonly to aspergillus fumigatus. It commonly occurs in patients with cystic fibrosis. The round opacities in the CT image above represent dilated bronchi impacted with mucus, and have been called the “finger in glove” sign. The differential diagnosis includes bronchial obstruction with bronchogenic carcinoma, bronchial atresia, foreign body bronchial obstruction, and bronchocentric granulomatosis.